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Frederick II was a great admirer of the style and commissioned many KPM works for the purpose of displaying them in his palace.
In particular, he required KPM artists to make dinner sets matching his extravagant interiors, and he also gave dinner sets as diplomatic gifts.
, Neoclassical porcelain is inspired by classicizing designs and “pure forms.” Vases in particular were prized for their visual connection to ancient pottery; however, KPM artists also took full advantage of Neoclassical developments in painting, applying highly detailed landscapes, townscapes, and seascapes to porcelain objects.
Throughout the 19th century, KPM created new and fashionable designs while continuing to produce popular Rococo and Neoclassical pieces.
By this time, the royally-funded company was well known across Europe and collected by the social elite.
In 1878, KPM opened the Chemical-Technical Institute, devoted to the study of porcelain.
Porcelain marks are usually identified by naming the original manufacturer or maker and dating them to a certain period.
From 1962 forward, KPM marks became more modern, often depicting the letters “KPM” and the place name indicating where the object was made.
This is particularly true for certain regions in the world that have a rich tradition in porcelain making, usually because there are several factories or studios in the area.
One of the most famous such regions is Dresden and Meissen.
KPM porcelain made during this period reflects not only the fashions of the time but also Prussian royal taste.
Technological advances during the 1860s led to increasingly modern modes of production and design, but even so, KPM continued to value craftsmanship, and KPM artists devoted time and care to produce unique, handmade objects.
KPM is an acronym for Königliche Porzellan-Manufaktur Berlin, which translates to “Royal Porcelain Factory in Berlin.” The company was founded in 1763 by Frederick II of Prussia, who bought the factory from its previous owner, Johann Ernst Gotzkowsky, in the wake of its bankruptcy.